It is known that the trade connections between the Mediterranean basin and the Indian Ocean region are very ancient, and that the nature,
volume and intensity of the East-West contacts grew tremendously with the arrival of Rome into the eastern Mediterranean.
Roman trade with India started around the beginning of the Common Era following the reign of Augustus and his conquest of Egypt. The use of monsoon winds, which enabled a voyage safer than a long and dangerous coastal voyage, helped enhance trade between India and Rome. Roman trade diaspora stopped in Southern India, establishing trading settlements which remained long after the fall of the Roman empire and Rome’s loss of the Red Sea ports, which had previously been used to secure trade with India by the Greco-Roman world since the time of the Ptolemaic dynasty.