Ghana Cedis Banknotes

Today on Banknote of the Day we are going to see a whole lot of Ghana Banknotes , some banknotes are in used condition some are in close to UNC. The design and the color of the Banknotes are excellent , It gives the Tribute to there Leaders.

Ghana Cedis Banknotes

Ghana Cedis Banknotes

Checkout the Video of Ghana Banknotes here

 

Ghana Cedis Banknotes

Ghana Cedis Banknotes

Ghana Cedis Banknotes

Ghana Cedis Banknotes

Ghana Cedis Banknotes

Ghana Cedis Banknotes


Belgian Congo 10 Francs 1955-1959

Front: Soldier wearing fez. Back: Young antelope. Watermark: Head of a giraffe. Main colour: Grey-blue. Signatures: (as depicted)
Horaeck (Le Premier-Directeur, De Eerste-Directeur); Hector-Jules Martin (Le Gouverneur, De Gouverneur, 17 Jun 1954 – 3 Oct 1960).
Artist: Unknown. Engraver: Unknown. Printing method: Intaglio. Issuer: Banque Centrale du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi.
Date of Issue: 15-Jan-1955 (1955-1959). Withdrawn from circulation: Unknown. Material: Cotton paper. Printer: Waterlow & Sons
Limited, Londres (W&S).

Belgium Congo Francs Banknote

Belgium Congo Francs Banknote

Belgium Congo Francs Banknote

Belgium Congo Francs Banknote

Belgium Congo Francs Banknote

Belgium Congo Francs Banknote

Belgian Congo – 20 franks 1957 scarce used currency note


The year 2015 marks a centenary after the Chilembwe uprising against imperial Britain – an activity that is believed to have influenced, in some way, Marcus Garvey. Reverend John Chilembwe was born circa 1870 in the then ‘nameless’ enclave that later became British Central Africa before mutating into Nyasaland (land of the lake), now Malawi. In 1892, initiative led him to knock on the door of the radical missionary Joseph Booth, whose famous dictum was ‘Africa for Africans’.

Malawi 20 Kwacha John Chilembwe

In 1897, Chilembwe and Booth, headed for the United States of America, via London and Liverpool. In the US, Chilembwe was encouraged by African Americans to part with the now penniless Booth. Chilembwe, with the help of the Negro Baptist Convention, attended the Virginia Theological College. The failure of the Reconstruction period and the reaction of the Baptists to the Jim Crow laws would have an impact on Chilembwe. In the US, he also met other future African leaders including John Dube, who later became president of South Africa Native Congress, later the African National Congress (ANC).

In 1900, an ordained Chilembwe was back in Malawi, with the backing of the National Baptist Convention. He was a new man and very keen to show it, drawing complaints of ‘natives living beyond their station’ from the settler community. He soon became the vocal mouthpiece of the disfranchised Africans, from women’s rights to equality based on Christian values, from the virtues of educating the African to concerns over land tenure. In 1903, when Africans were sent by the British to fight the Ya Asantewa in present Ghana, Chilembwe complained loudly.

In 1859, famed Scottish missionary David Livingstone ‘discovered’ Lake Malawi and the east African slave trade. Back home in Britain, he campaigned for the introduction of Christianity and formal commerce to counter slavery. Early attempts resulted in disaster as the first missionaries out of Oxford and Cambridge ran into trouble against some Yao chiefs, then slave agents of the Swahili traders.

Attempts were made again after the much publicised burial of Livingstone at Westminster Abbey, resulting in the establishment, in 1876, of Blantyre (now Malawi’s commercial city), a tribute to Livingstone’s birth place. Closely following on the missionaries’ heels were businessmen and speculators and, before long, the alienation of land through mainly nefarious means.

Chilembwe bought land and set up his industrial mission in Blantyre’s neighbouring district of Chiladzulo, adjacent to the vast Bruce Estates, owned by none other than Livingstone’s own daughter Anne and run by William Jervis Livingstone, a distant relation, and a man who was to embody for Chilembwe everything that was wrong with the white settlers. For Jervis, Chilembwe was the archetypical ‘native above his station’. The laborers at the Bruce Estate, mostly of Yao and Nguru stock, the latter having migrated from present Mozambique after fleeing famine and harsh Portuguese rule, looked to Chilembwe for a patron figure.

Malawi 20 Kwacha John Chilembwe

Chilembwe accused Livingstone of, among other things, burning his churches and schools. When the colonial government turned a deaf ear, Chilembwe is reported to have suggested taking matters in his own hands.

By 1913, Chilembwe was in a tight corner: funding was hard to come by, he owed money for his very impressive cathedral, his gun licence for commercial ivory hunting was revoked, the famine of 1913 pushed more Africans towards him for help, and his poor health (asthma and failing eyesight) and the death of his daughter compounded his burdens. But the proverbial straw was the start of the Great War in August 1914 which saw his audience decrease as Africans were conscripted in large numbers to fight against German East Africa (now Tanzania). In November 1914, Chilembwe penned a scathing letter admonishing the government:

…In times of peace, everything for Europeans only…But in time of war [we] are needed to share hardships and shed blood in equality…

On Saturday 23 January 1915 he started an uprising. Chilembwe plotted to kill all white men in the protectorate, save for a few missionaries sympathetic to his cause, to bring about a new order in the region. The first casualty was Jervis Livingstone, his severed head a prized trophy by Chilembwe’s men. Others were sent to Blantyre–in the true fashion of John Brown of Harper’s Ferry–to break into the armoury and steal guns and ammunition. This mission was a failure of sorts with the supposed leader, John Gray Kufa, deserting and an accidental alarm being raised by Chilembwe’s men. Legend has it that Chilembwe preached the next day’s church service with the head of Livingstone next to the pulpit where he is reputed to have said the words: ‘Let us strike a blow and die for Africa’.

A few skirmishes with government and volunteer forces ensued but, by Tuesday 26 January, his whole mission had been abandoned. His impressive cathedral was then demolished with explosives. The uprising was quelled by 3 February 1915 when its leader was shot while trying to cross into Mozambique. In the aftermath, his fellow conspirators were either hanged or shot on a firing line.

The uprising, though short-lived, left an indelible mark. George Shepperson, University of Edinburgh professor and foremost scholar of Chilembwe, later summarised the uprising thus:

[His] ideas may have been utopian…borne their format in action dictated by despairing frustration. But at their heart was a solid matter of fact element that was constructively forward looking, and kept for the most part within the bounds of practical, if remote, possibility.

Since Nyasalanders had no myths like those of the old Ghana to inspire communal confidence, said Shepperson, Chilembwe’s name could be utilized. In 1958, Kamuzu Banda, Malawi’s first president, inserted himself in the Chilembwe narrative as the one prophetized about by Chilembwe himself to free Malawi from white rule. In 1994, Bakili Muluzi, Kamuzu’s successor, inserted Chilembwe on all bank notes. Surprisingly, not much has been done by the current Malawian government in the 100th year of his uprising. Still, to most Malawians, Chilembwe’s memory lives on as a symbol of courage and sacrifice.

Post Credits : africacountry.com


Romania first issued a polymer note in 1999 and by late 2001 became the third country after Australia and New Zealand to fully convert to polymer with notes of 2.000, 10.000, 50.000, 100.000 and 500.000 Lei. On 5 December, 2003 a light blue 1.000.000 Lei note appeared to complement this already colourful series.

Its theme is the arts and features a portrait of playwright Ion Luca Caragiale who lived from 1852 to 1912. One of Romania’s foremost playwrights, Caragiale had a checkered career. Commencing work as a journalist he obviously enjoyed the arts and devoted his spare time to writing comedies and dramas which were widely acclaimed.

His works did not support him and held the senior positions with the State. In 1901 he is accused of plagiarism and whilst acquitted a stigma seems to stick. Doors close on him and Caragiale sees out his days in self imposed exile in Berlin.

A bloom of the violet (other polymers also feature flowers) and theatrical masques, one of them depicting comedy, complete the main design features on the front of this note.

The former National Theatre in Bucharest, a statue of Caragalie and the masque of tragedy are the primary design elements of the back.

For Romania’s highest denomination, it is no surprise that sophisticated security features are utilised.

Banknotes of the Day - Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day – Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day - Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day – Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day - Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day – Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day - Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day – Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day - Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day – Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day - Romanian Polymer banknotes

Banknotes of the Day – Romanian Polymer banknotes